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Below we’ve used FlowSent’s glossary of term for you to learn more:
Alcohol extraction — This extraction method uses alcohol (like pure ethyl alcohol or isopropyl) as a solvent to strip cannabis of its trichomes and essential oils. After washing the plant material, the remaining alcohol is evaporated off leaving behind a golden hash oil (see: “Hash”). Further processing with heat, agitation, or via vacuum pressure can additionally remove any residual alcohol from the oil, and is essential prior to smoking.
Blunt (see also: “Dutchie”) — A hollowed-out cigar which is then rerolled with weed. Named after a commonly used brand of cigars called Phillies Blunt, the name originally came about because the most commonly used brand of cigars were Phillies Blunt. Newer versions use specialized rolling paper called a “blunt wrap” rather than a cigar. Blunts are known for being very long-lasting, often burning for a half an hour or more. Tobacco-avoiders should likely pass on the blunt, as they do have some nicotine content due to it being a tobacco wrapper.
Blunt wrap — Specialized rolling paper that comes in a variety of flavors and sizes, and are made of tobacco which mimics the more traditional hollowed out cigar method of rolling blunts.
Bongwater — The residual liquid left at the bottom of a water pipe or bong indicating its in need of cleaning. Do not drink this.
Bowl — The part of the pipe or bong where you put flower. Also a unit of measurement.
Bubbler — A handheld pipe (typically of blown glass) that has a water reservoir at the bottom, which helps to cool the smoke and makes for a smoother hit than a dry pipe.
Budder — A term for the opaque form of hash oil. Budder is soft and pliable, as opposed to wax (another form of opaque hash oil) which is more crumbly.
Buds — The dried flowers of the cannabis plant, also called “flower.”
Budtender — A play on “bartender” but more analogous to a pharmacist. This is the person who works the counter at a dispensary, and who informs customers of the shop’s offerings. This person may also be able to offer strain suggestions, but it is important to know these are not licensed medical professionals.
Butane (as in Butane Hash Oil, aka BHO) — A non-polar hydrocarbon that is well-suited for stripping cannabis buds or trim of their cannabinoids, terpenes, and other essential oils while leaving behind the majority of unwanted chlorophyll and plant waxes. The solvent washes over the plant material and is then purged off from the resulting solution using a variety of techniques such as heat, vacuum or agitation. These post-extraction processes also determine the final texture of the product, becoming budder, shatter, or a sticky hash oil. BHO is the most popular choice for “dabbing” as it can offer a very potent, direct, and flavorful ingestion.
Cannabidiol (CBD) — One of the two most well known, and most therapeutic cannabinoids (the other being THC) in cannabis. It is a non-psychoactive or non-euphoric cannabinoid, and has become touted as the go-to cannabinoid for a variety of diseases like epilepsy and other nerve-related or psychiatric conditions. CBD is typically one of the more abundant cannabinoids found in cannabis, second only to THC. Through decades of breeding for increasing concentrations of THC, CBD has been nearly bred out of modern cannabis strains. Breeders today, given the mass appeal and demand for its non-euphoric therapeutic potential, CBD rich and dominant strains are on the rise.
Cannabinoid (i.e. anandamide, 2-AG, CBC, CBCV, CBD, CBDA, CBDV, CBG, CBGV, CBL, CBN, CBV, THC, THCA, THCV) — Pharmacologically active molecules made in the human body (known asendocannabinoids, endo meaning “from inside the body”), in cannabis and other botanicals (known asphytocannabinoids, phyto meaning “from a plant”), or can be created synthetically (known as syntheticcannabinoids) and prescribed by a doctor as is the case for Marinol (Dronabinol) or Cesemet (Nabilone). Just over 100 cannabinoids from cannabis have been identified, and they come in both psychoactive and non-psychoactive forms. They act upon the human body’s built-in cannabinoid receptors which make up the amazingly complex Endocannabinoid System (see: “Endocannabinoid System”). These cannabinoids can be absorbed into the human body via inhalation or ingestion (both of which diffuse into the bloodstream) as well as transdermally, which acts directly upon cannabinoid receptors residing throughout the layers of our skin. In the acid form (THCA, CBDA, etc.), phytocannabinoids are not “active” but still carry varied and tremendous medicinal, antioxidative and anti-inflammatory properties when consumed, as seen in the case of juicing raw cannabis leaves. To activate phytocannabinoids into their non-acid forms (i.e. to achieve their more chemically active and conscious effects) they must be decarboxylated, which requires heat. Smoking or creating cooked edibles are two such way this process occurs.
Carb cap — A specially-crafted implement (normally made of titanium, but sometimes quartz or ceramic) which fits over a domeless nail. The purpose of a carb cap is to allow a full hit while keeping the nail at a lower temperature, which makes for a more flavorful dab. Terpenes, the flavor compounds in cannabis, are quickly degraded and changed by heat, so using a carb cap to “stoke” the oil allows the hit to still vaporize, but retains the maximum amount of flavor.
CBD — See: “Cannabidiol”
Clone — A clipping from a cannabis plant, which can then be rooted and grown. Like many plants, cannabis can be asexually propagated via cloning, which creates an exact genetic copy of the “mother plant.” Most cannabis strains are really nothing more than a chosen close which has been passed around.
Closed-loop extraction — Chemical extraction (whether using a hydrocarbon solvent or CO2) using a closed system, which means that the machine recycles the solvent rather than dispersing it in the air. Most commonly this is referring to a butane or propane extraction, but technically CO2 extraction machines are also closed-loop. A closed-loop system is much safer than traditional “open blasting” methods, and as such are now required for all legal concentrate production in Colorado.
CO2 extraction — When high pressure is applied to CO2, it becomes a liquid that is capable of working as a solvent, stripping away cannabinoids and essential oils from plant material. This process is called supercritical extraction and is the most common method of making hash oil using CO2 instead of a hydrocarbon solvent such as butane. CO2 extractions can take many of the same textures as BHO, but generally they tend to be more oily and less viscous.
Concentrate — The word “concentrate” in the cannabis world refers to any product which refines flowers into something more clean and potent. This umbrella term includes any type of hash (water hash, pressed hash), dry sieve (kief), as well as any hash oils (BHO, CO2 oil, shatter, wax, etc.) and indicates that these products are a concentrated form of cannabis, carrying a much higher potency.
Cone — The European style of joint, which is slightly conical rather than straight, getting wider towards the end. Most cones also include a rolled paper “crutch”, which works to keep the weed from falling out the small end, but also helps aerate the joint so the resin doesn’t cake the end shut. In Amsterdam and many other places around Europe, smoking joints with pure cannabis is rare — most locals will be found with a mix of cannabis or hash and tobacco.
Cotton mouth — A dry mouth, which is often times the experience that accompanies smoking cannabis.
Crystals — Layman’s term for the cannabis plant’s trichomes. These tiny structures contain the highest concentration of the plant’s cannabinoids, and are what is removed to create concentrates such as hash, hash oil, and kief.
Cure — The curing process is a very important step in a well-grown cannabis plant’s life cycle. After being harvested, trimmed, and sufficiently dried, the plant’s flowers are then put into airtight containers which slows the drying, allowing for a more measured and gradual process, which helps to maximize the flavor and smoke quality. Similar to what you would see with cigars or even wine, the drying and aging process develops deeper flavors and mellows the smoke. Uncured or improperly cured flowers often taste and smell like hay, burn badly, and are harsh on the throat.
Dab — The act of “dabbing” concentrates onto a hot surface, producing a vapor. Can also used as a noun, meaning a small amount of concentrate (a dab’s worth).
Dabber — A metal, glass, or quartz tool which is used to gather up the concentrate and dab it onto the hot surface.
Dabbing (see dabs) — The newest activity of the sub-culture within a sub-culture, dabbing refers to dropping concentrates onto a hot surface (nail, skillet, etc.) and inhaling the resulting vapor via a “rig,” which is usually made of glass and sends the vapor through water.
Decarboxylation — The process of converting cannabinoids from their acidic forms (or their “inactive” forms) – such as THCA and CBDA – to their “active” forms of THC and CBD respectively. This is an especially essential process for the consumer desiring the psychoactive properties of THC which can be achieved by the heating that occurs through smoked or vaporized flower or concentrates. Decarboxylation occurs at around 240 degrees F. Though the acid forms of these cannabinoids have many medicinal benefits, decarboxylation maximizes the potency achievable in edibles, tinctures, and topical preparations, not just from lighting up a joint or vaporizing.
Diesel — A particular family tree of cannabis strains, which originated on the East Coast, specifically the New York metropolitan area. Thought to have stemmed from the ChemDawg family, Diesel is known for its incredibly pungent and distinctive smell, which includes elements of skunk, burning tires, lemon-pine floor cleaner, and notably, fresh diesel fuel.
Dispensary — A licensed venue that sells (medical) cannabis and cannabis products to include flowers, edibles, concentrates, salves, tinctures, teas, clones, seeds, and paraphernalia.
Doobie (see joint) — This term is primarily reserved for old hippies, folks over the age of 50 and undercover police offers posing as high school students.
Dry sieve hash (sometimes “dry sift”) — A mechanical separation process which generally uses a variety of screens and agitation to separate the trichomes from the plant material, dry sieve hash is also traditionally known as “kief.” One of the oldest cannabis extraction processes, dry sieve can be traced back through centuries to the great Moroccan, Afghani, and Lebanese hash fields; traditional Lebanese blonde hash is in fact nothing more than pressed dry sieve. This method can be perfected to produce perhaps the highest-purity and most natural concentrate available (nothing but trichome heads), but generally, it is less pure than high-grade water hash or hash oils because it is more difficult to remove all of the plant matter. Quality dry sieve will generally test between 50 percent and 60 percent THC, but the ultra-pure examples can have higher content.
Dutchie — A blunt (see: Blunt) that is rolled using the Dutch Masters brand of cigar.
Earwax — One of the many interchangeable terms used to describe the opaque variety of hash oil. This texture is normally achieved by whipping the extracted oil over heat, which infuses air into the product and makes a lighter, aerated texture. Some extractions will automatically turn to wax, which is known as “auto-buddering”.
Edibles — Any cannabis product which is consumed orally and gets digested in the GI tract. Whether being the stereotypical “pot brownie” or one of the sophisticated cannabis capsules, edibles are often recommended as an alternative choice for those who want to enjoy the benefits of cannabis without having to smoke anything. Cannabis consumed orally is quite a bit stronger and lasts longer since its cannabinoids will diffuse slowly into the blood stream as the product is digested over time. For this reason it is always best to consume a little bit at a time and wait several hours in order to allow the full effects to develop (and yes, several! It can anywhere from 30 minutes to up to 6 hours to reach full effect depending on how much and what was eaten prior to consuming it!).
Eighth — 1/8th of an ounce of cannabis, weighed out to 3.5 grams. This is perhaps the most common unit of measurement for cannabis in the United States, but the rest of the world sticks with grams and kilos.
Endo — Also spelled “indo,” which is a slang term popularized by the Snoop Dog song “Gin and Juice.” It refers to cannabis that was grown indoors.
Endocannabinoid System (or ECS) — Discovered in 1990, the ECS is the body’s overarching regulatory system that keeps it in balance. The ECS is a receptor laden checks-and-balances system that responds to cannabinoids that are endogenous (made in the body) and exogenous (made in plants or synthetically). The ECS is found in all animals with the exception of insects. Let’s use an analogy. If each body system – the nervous system, the cardiovascular system, the respiratory and gastrointestinal system and so forth – is a different instrument in an orchestra, the ECS is the body’s conductor, ensuring all of the systems work together in harmony. In medicine, we call this harmony – homeostasis. The ECS promotes homeostasis by providing constant feedback throughout the body to ensure all of the systems are working together as they should to maintain a stable and healthy internal environment.
Entourage Effect — This describes the phenomenon of the effect of the cannabis medicine being greater than the sum of its parts. It is the combined and synergistic effect of the many chemical components of cannabis which include, but are not limited to, cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, ketones, esters, lactones, alcohols, fatty acids, and steroids. The effects of all these chemicals working together and regulating one another are much different than the effects of any one chemical working alone. In other words, cannabis is made up of thousands of different chemicals that work together to produce the precise effects a person feels. Change the combinations and ratios and you change the effect.
Errl — Slang term for hash oil. Think “oil” with a southern drawl.
Extract (as in Full Extract Cannabis Oil or FECO) — See: “Concentrate.”
Fatty — A joint or blunt that’s rolled with a ridiculous amount of cannabis in it.
Flower — See: “Buds” and Flowsent’s Flower Products.
Flowering stage — Every cannabis plant goes through two distinct cycles in its lifetime: vegetative stage, when the plant is actively growing; and flowering stage, when the plant is focusing most of its energy on producing flowers, which are essential for reproduction. When the plant’s light exposure falls at or below 12 hours daily, it triggers the flowering cycle. This natural response to the onset of autumn occurs in artificially-lighted environments as well, which is used to the advantage of the cannabis grower, as plants can be flowered at any time and the grower no longer has to wait an entire year for a harvest.
Ganj/Ganja/Ghanja — The most Rastafarian way to refer to your herb if you’re not in any way Rastafarian. Often used by guys in college dorm rooms adorned with Bob Marley posters.
Germination — The initial growth phase of a cannabis plant’s life, when it is grown from seed. Germination is also commonly called “seed popping”, as the seeds literally crack in half as the tiny seedling emerges and reaches for the light.
Green out — Similar to blacking out from overconsumption of alcohol, green outs occur when you smoke so much cannabis that you lose a sense of time and place, often falling asleep or becoming incredibly quiet and paranoid. If someone greens out, they may want to go to the hospital, even though they’re just really high and a medical professional can’t do much for them. Green outs tend to occur more with incredibly potent edibles or dabs, but can still occur by smoking a boss amount of marijuana.
Grinders — Generally made of metal and containing multiple pieces, these are used to break up marijuana by threshing it between teeth attached to the top and bottom as opposed to your hands, preventing all of the sticky-icky from ending up on your fingers. High-end grinders contain a screen that allows kief to pass through, allowing you to collect it and top your bowl off.
Half — 1/2 ounce of cannabis, weighed out to 14 grams.
Hash — Traditionally “hashish” refers to any collection of the resin glands (trichomes) of the cannabis plant. Collection of the trichomes is performed via a variety of methods (dry sieve, water extraction), and the resulting product can be pressed, sieved, or microplaned into different consistencies depending upon the desired use and smoking method. Traditional hash-making countries press their hash, which makes it burn longer and also makes it easier for discreet transport.
Hookah — A smoking device that originated in India, the large centralized bowl and multiple hoses (or “whips”) make it ideal for lots of people to get high together. Hookah bars, where people sit around and smoke flavored tobacco, frown on marijuana use, so don’t try to be that cool guy who tosses a little weed in there.
Hybrid — Though nearly all modern cannabis strains are hybridized in some form or another, this term most often refers to the middle-of-the-road option which lies between the energetic, uplifting sativa and the relaxing, sedative indica sides of the cannabis spectrum. Most dispensaries will organize their shelf in terms of indica, hybrid, and sativa to help patients understand how a given variety might affect them.
Hydro — A soil-less grow medium that delivers nutrients through water as opposed to dirt. Also referred to as hydroponics.
Hydrocarbon extractions — Any extraction process that uses hydrocarbons such as butane, propane, pentane, or hexane.
Ice wax — A term for very fine water extracted hash, it was originally coined by Matt Rize, a California-based hashmaker. A key part of the traditional Ice Wax process is to use a microplane grater to break up the patty of hash after extraction, allowing it to dry quickly as well as bursting many of the trichome heads, which makes the hash extra melty when heated.
Indica — Though recent plant taxonomy studies have mostly determined that cannabis does not actually have two distinct species in indica and sativa, these classifications are still used in the culture to help describe the differences between plants while they are growing, as well as the effect they provide. Though there are some exceptions to the rule, indica varieties are shorter plants which mature more quickly, they also provide a relaxing, sedative effect. Indica varieties are most often reported to relieve pain, muscle tension, insomnia, anxiety, lack of appetite, as well as ease spasms and reduce inflammation.
Iso (isopropyl hash oil) — When alcohol (specifically isopropyl) is used as a solvent to strip trichomes from plant material, the resulting hash oil is normally referred to as “iso” hash oil. Though generally a less dangerous and equipment-intensive process than making BHO or CO2 oil, it is still essential to try to remove all of the residual alcohol from the extract, as vaporizing alcohol sugars can cause lung issues in some patients. Unlike the more selective butane, isopropyl often pulls chlorophyll as well as the cannabinoids, which necessitates a quick wash method, also known as “QWISO”.
Jelly hash — A mixture of water hash and hash oil, jelly hash is known for being very potent due to the combination of the two distinct types of extract being consumed at once. To make jelly hash, combine hash oil and water hash with a slight amount of heat, then whip it together until it’s mostly homogeneous; some users then elect to press it and let it dry into a hard puck, as it tends to burn longer that way.
Joint (see also: cone, spliff, doobie) — Marijuana rolled in non-tobacco papers that are generally light and have one sticky edge to help them adhere together. They come in all shapes and sizes, from pinners (small) to fatties (large), or cross joints that are lit on three ends and smoked out of the fourth. There’s no limit to the number of ways you can roll a joint.
Kief (see: “Dry sieve”) — Kief is the traditional term for this process, originating in the Middle East.
Kind — A bud that gets you very high. Also called kind bud, KB’s, or Killer INDoor.
Kush — Two distinct varieties. Traditional Hindu Kush refers to the hearty, wide-leaved, stout varieties which originated in the Afghani/Pakistani mountain region, known as the Hindu Kush mountains. The second type is the OG Kush, which is an American hybrid known for its distinctive lemon Pledge/fuel aroma and may or may not contain the genetics of the traditional Kush somewhere in its makeup; overall though, OG varieties certainly have a distinct “sativa” influence.
Live resin — A relatively new extraction process, reportedly developed by an old school grower known as “Kind Bill,” this process was impossible to do prior to the invention of commercial grade closed-loop butane extraction systems. Instead of using dry plant material as is the norm for BHO extractions, the live resin process used fresh frozen plants, which were harvested only hours earlier; this creates a product which has the terpene profile of the live plant rather than the dried flowers (terpenes degrade and change as the plant is dried).
Mary Jane — A popular nickname for “marijuana.”
Medical Cannabis — Refers to the use of cannabis for medical or therapeutic purposes. A Medical dispensary refers to a licensed venue where medical strength cannabis can be legally procured.
Medicate(d or ing) — The state of cannabis influence or the process of using cannabis for medical therapy.
Microdosing — Consuming small amounts of cannabis on a consistent basis to reach optimal symptom relief and health benefits while using less medicine and without the psychoactive effect. The idea here is take one puff from a vaporizer or joint, or eat smaller fractions of an edible throughout the course of a day in order to maintain the minimal optimal steady state of cannabinoids in your body, but without over-consuming your product. This not only decreases a patient’s risk of experiencing unwanted side effects (such as those produced with too much THC), but also helps their medicines last longer which saves money. Patients should be encouraged to experiment with microdosing for these reasons, but there may certainly be circumstances and conditions that still require higher doses.
Mother — A plant, usually large, that is in a vegetative state from which clones are cut. It is, then, “the mom” for all of the plants that will eventually be harvested. Losing a mother plant can sometimes be the end of a genetic line.
Nail — A metal device which looks like a nail with a very thick head, they are normally made of grade 2 titanium, quartz, or ceramic, but cheaper versions can also be made from borosilicate glass. This is the part of the rig which is headed with a torch and then has the concentrate dropped onto it, causing the vaporization process to take place. When heating a nail, it is best to get it right to red hot and then let it cool for a few seconds prior to dabbing, as this makes the smoke a little easier on the throat as well as preserves terpenes.
Nectar — This term is a little vague, but the most common usage is referring to hash oil made from entirely nugs rather than trim material, which can also be known as “nug run”.
Nug — A “high quality” bud.
Nug run — Hash oil or water hash made entirely from cannabis flowers rather than trim material. Since the flowers are the most trichome and terpene-rich part of the cannabis plant, these extracts are known for yielding quite a bit more than trim as well as providing a cleaner flavor.
OG — Stands for Ocean Grown.
Oil — Refers to any hash oil, whether it is extracted via hydrocarbon, alcohol, or CO2.
One hitter — A small, straight pipe that’s easy to conceal and holds very little pot. Alternatively known as a strain that is extremely potent, needing only a single hit.
Ounce — Commonly called an “OZ” (pronounced, “oh-zee”), the ounce is the largest amount of cannabis most people will ever possess.
Percolator — Commonly known as a “perc,” a percolator is a part of the more complicated glass water pipes which adds an additional water chamber to the equation, helping to provide more cooling and diffusion, which makes the smoke smoother.
Pinner — Tiny, thin joint low in cannabis content. Typically rolled from scraps of pot laying around, and called a “pinner” because it looks as thin as a safety pin.
Pre-roll — A pre-rolled joint that is supplied by a dispensary. Because of the pre-rolled nature, some places will put trim or shake in there that isn’t as potent, since most people don’t break them open.
Pressed hash — After extraction, hash (normally water extracted, but also dry sieve) can be pressed using pressure and sometimes heat. If using heat, this process can activate the hash partially, but the primary purpose of this is to make it more dense and create an outer shell which keeps the inside terpene-rich and fresh for over a year. Traditional hash-making countries such as Morocco, Afghanistan, and Lebanon almost always press their hash, as it also makes it easier to transport.
Purps — Purps refers to any purple cannabis, but especially the true Purple family, which includes Grandaddy Purple, Purple Kush, Purple Urkle, and Grape Ape. Many of these varieties likely came from the Dutch Purple #1 genetic line, which was developed in the 1980’s and spread across the world via seed.
QP — The slang term for a Quarter Pound of cannabis.
Quarter — 1/4 ounce of cannabis, or 7 grams by weight.
Recreational — Refers to the “adult use” of cannabis without needing the prior authorization of a physician evaluation or medical marijuana card. Recreation dispensaries are licensed retail stores that sell cannabis for adult use, and not purely for medicinal purposes.
Reefer — A pejorative term, possibly originating from the Mexican Spanish word, “grifa,” meaning marijuana/drug addict. Reefer became popularized in the 1920’s as a term for a marijuana cigarette, though most memorably used as propaganda in the film “Reefer Madness” where minorities were depicted as reefer-using murderous addicts.
Regs (bottom shelf) — Budget friendly product. This is the bottom-shelf offering at a dispensary.
Roach — The small, resinated end of a joint that could only be smoked if you wanted to burn the living daylights out of your fingers. The resin tends to make it look brown, resembling a cockroach. Some people take pride in being able to smoke a roach very far down, but doing so can burn your lips, which makes you look like a real tool. The roach clip was invented to make sure the end didn’t go to waste, but people save roaches for when they’ve run out of pot. They’re then broken down and loaded in a pipe, or re-rolled into one really stinky joint.
Roach clip — A small, usually metal device that clamps on to the end of a joint, enabling you to continue smoking without worrying about burning your fingers. When using a roach clip, it’s important to make sure you ash the roach to prevent said ash from flying into your mouth, a most unpleasant end to a smoking experience. There’s also a great propensity to burn your lips, so most people make a stoner version of duck-face when using a roach clip.
Sap — When hash oil is stringy and sappy rather than shattery.
Sativa — An obsolete definition previously described as the uplifting strain responsible for “heady” highs. Sativas, a term still widely used, are best known for treating depression and promoting creativity and sociability.
Schwag — Low-quality cannabis heavy with seeds and stems (also ditch weed, Mexican brick weed, etc.) that must be thoroughly cleaned of stems and seeds before it should be smoked. Compared to high-end cannabis, it has little flavor or scent and is sparsely covered with trichomes.
Shake — The“leftovers.” Shake consists of small pieces of cannabis flower that break off of larger buds, generally as the result of regular handling or “shaking” as within a container. Shake can also consist of non-processed, naturally derived kief secondary to the natural separation of trichomes from the bud.
Shatter — (see also: “Butane hash oil”) Shatter is a texture of hash oil and refers to the transparent, shelf-stable oil which breaks into pieces rather than bending. The most popular choices of butane concentrates on the market are either shatter or wax, which are on opposite ends of the spectrum when it comes to texture.
Slab — A large amount of hash oil, which lays out flat into a golden slab.
Solventless wax — Refers to the highest grade of water hash, which looks and smokes similar to solvent-based hashes and is capable of being dabbed.
Spliff — A combination of tobacco and cannabis rolled together.
Terpenes — Chemical compounds that gives all botanicals their distinct, yet sometimes subtle (as is the case for cannabis) flavors and fragrances. Terpenes are very volatile and evaporate at fairly low temperatures, so when storing or extracting cannabis, it is best to keep everything very cold. Research has also suggested that terpenes are responsible for giving cannabis strains their most unique, qualitative and differentiating characteristics.
THC — delta-9 Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the predominant cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant and is responsible for the majority of the plant’s psychoactive properties. THC has a host of medical benefits, but is touted for its analgesic, anti-nausea, and appetite stimulating properties.
Tincture — A liquid extraction of cannabis, often made with a grain alcohol (like Everclear) or glycerin. Tinctures are typically administered sublingually (under the tongue) for quick absorption via the mucus membranes.
Topicals — External applications of cannabis rubbed into the skin that can be used to treat musculoskeletal or neuropathic pain or skin conditions. Topical formulations include lotions, creams, balms, oil rubs and full extract cannabis oils. With typical use they don’t cause a head or body high. This can be of particular value to patients who desire medicating throughout their busy days or when consuming cannabis internally is not otherwise preferred.
Torch — A torch is used to heat up the dabbing surface on a rig.
Trichome — Crystalline structures coating the cannabis’ flower and leaf surfaces. Trichomes boast the highest concentration of cannabinoids in the entire plant. Under a microscope they look like mushrooms, their heads containing the majority of the plant’s essential oils and cannabinoid content. High-grade sieve and water hashes are mad from heads, while the entire trichome (head and stalk) is dissolved in solvent-based extracts. There are three distinct types of trichomes on the plant: bulbous trichomes (the smallest and not visible to the naked eye), sessile trichomes (straight and slender), and glandular trichomes (which are most abundant and carry highest amount of cannabinoids of the three).
Trim — Trimming refers to the process of removing leaf matter away from the buds after harvest. Trim refers to the leftover leaves which can be used for cooking of extraction. Trim has less cannabinoid content than buds, but can and should still be use to make hash, edibles, or tincture, you are missing out on a huge amount of value.
Trim run — Concentrates that are made from trim rather than bud.
Vacuum purge — A method to additionally refine a concentrate in order to remove the solvent which is remaining in the product and preserve as many terpenes as possible, as they evaporate at and above certain temperatures. Vacuum ovens are used to reduce the atmospheric pressure on the concentrate, speeding up the process of removing the solvent and allowing it to happen at a lower temperature than would be possible at normal pressures.
Vape pen — A small, portable vaporizer (as opposed to a table-top apparatus) that has a chamber to load flower or concentrates, or uses a pre-filled concentrate cartridge. Vape pens are preferred by many for their discreet, compact design, preferable taste, and absence of “weed” smelling smoke.
Vaporizer — A vaporizer is a great alternative to smoking a blunt, joint or pipe. Rather than combusting your cannabis product (flowers, hash, or oil) which releases particulate matter into your airways, a vaporizer will heat it just enough to activate its cannabinoids and produce a vapor that can be inhaled. This method is preferable for those with breathing conditions (such as Asthma or COPD), or those who simply want to avoid smoking but still desire or require the quick and efficient relief that inhalation provides.
Vegetative stage — The part of the cannabis plant’s life cycle where it is actively growing rather than producing flowers. When the plant receives greater than 12 hours of light, it will continue growing vegetatively indefinitely; when the light cycle reduces to less than 12 hours, the plant will begin flowering.
Water hash — Water hash is a popular method for making hash because it simply involves a set of micro-screen extraction bags, ice, and water. Fresh frozen plant material, as preferred to dry material, is loaded into a set of the specialized bags, agitated, and then strained out. The bags have varying micron sizes, enabling different sized particles to pass through, and serving to filter out larger plant matter and particulate debris from the trichome heads and stalks.
Wax — The opaque, crumbly texture seen in hash oil, generally after being whipped over heat in order to introduce air into the product. Wax is preferred by old school concentrate smokers who don’t have a fancy rig, as it is easy to handle with bare hands and can simply be crumbled on top of a bowl to add an extra punch.